Corinth Isthmus

Corinth is located on the isthmus that connects northern and southern Greece. At its narrowest point the isthmus is only four miles wide. On the left is the Adriatic Sea, where ships headed west toward Italy. On the right is the Aegean, from which ships traveled east toward Asian cities of Ephesus and Miletus, as well as to Greek islands like Samos and Rhodes. Because the isthmus was so narrow, goods were often carried overland along a path from one side to the other, rather than transporting them around the southern part of Greece by sea. The emperor Nero began digging a canal across the isthmus in AD 67, but later gave up the project. A canal was finally completed in 1893.


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