Roman History

  Republic (to 31 BC): Rome was ruled for centuries by a Senate comprised of the heads of leading families. During the Republic Rome expanded its territory through military conquests.

Imperial (31 BC on): Julius Caesar gained unprecedented power through military and political successes in the 1st century B.C. When his successor Augustus defeated his rivals in 31 BC, he became supreme ruler or emperor. Although Augustus called himself princeps or "first"' among other leaders and allowed the Senate to continue functioning, he actually occupied a singular place as emperor. 

 

 

Caesar Augustus

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